2. Start at low stakes to understand poker strategy
Always take this poker tip into consideration before jumping into your games. Many players find no interest in playing low games, but you need to see that your goal is to learn poker strategy and not to waste money while doing that. Therefore, you have a few reasons for starting at low stakes:
- Firstly, you will feel more comfortable knowing that you are not risking much money and even if you lose some at the beginning it will not hurt you. You will be able to learn the game and will not be spending a lot of money in the process so that is a good idea.
- Secondly, a player’s skill level increases every time when you move up stakes. Starting at the lowest limits lets you play versus weakest players and learn the game instead of donating money to ones who are much better right now.
- Lastly, it enables you to see the whole picture and get a feel the whole game looks. You will understand positions, what poker hands you should play and can take everything in practice.
Before moving up you need to learn poker strategy and make sure that you feel comfortable in any game that you play. Another factor that you need to take in consideration is Bankroll Management, this is a separate topic and you can read more about it Poker Bankroll Management here!
3. Play tight but aggressive
Many amateur players make a huge mistake of playing too wide and opening too many Texas Holdem hands. The key when you are starting out is to play only your strongest hands to keep your VPIP poker stat at a lower side and avoid many tough decisions post flop. This will let you play less, but more aggressively when you decide to take your hand into action.
Most of your opponents in low games going to be playing random hands a lot of the time and taking this poker tip alone will let you start ahead of them. Using this you will be able to learn poker strategy without losing money and in a much more effective way.
So be raising and betting yourself when you play instead of just calling and put maximum pressure on your opponents. Knowing that you have an advantage of holding better hands pre-flop you will be just winning against their range of cards in the long run.
4. Use position
When deciding which hands to play and which not position going to be one of the most important factors to consider. You win more money from later positions so try to play more hands from there. Since all my poker coaching goes around 6max poker strategy I will give you an example for this:
Play very tight from early positions, widen up going closer to the BTN and try to steal more pots there. By far the most profitable position in poker is Button (BTN) and sitting there you can be playing much more hands than from any other position. It is going to take some time to get used to this, but always take your position in consideration when deciding which hands to play.
5. Start playing one table
I cannot sweat it enough how important this poker tip is! Your goal is to learn poker strategy and concentrate on seeing all the information. So leave multi-tabling for the future, stick with one table and try to absorb all the information you can get.
Look how your opponents are playing and what hands they have at showdown. As we said, concentrate on using your position and playing tight-aggressive approach and it can take you quite far.
6. Only play when you feel good
Emotions are your enemy at the poker table. Sure enough that you can start feeling angry or sad when you lose while playing and you need to deal with this as well, but don’t make it even worse by starting your games when you feel bad.
We are doing stupid things when we are tired, angry or even drunk and it can cost us a lot of money. Avoid starting your games when you feel bad and it will be the first, but a very big step in becoming a better poker player.
When you will be able to deal with these emotions, you can take it one step further and take a few minutes to prepare for your sessions before starting playing. To get more info about self-management and mental game make sure to get my FREE poker book!
7. Learn poker odds
You need to know poker odds you have to hit the winning hand and what pot odds you are getting. All you have to do then is make your decisions based on it and not your emotions.
What is the pot odds? It is a concept that lets you understand are you getting the right price to continue with your hand and help you to make the right decision. This is a big concept and one that we will not be addressing deeply, but I am going to give you a quick list most common Texas Holdem hands and how many outs you have to improve a specific hand until next street:
You can have a good indication how likely you are to improve your hand by simply multiplying your outs by 2 if want to know an approximate probability of hitting your hand on next street or multiplying by 4 if you are looking for the number how likely you are going to improve your hand from flop to the river. If you have an open-ended straight draw on the flop with 8 outs you can count that you will improve it approximately 8*2 = 16% on the turn and hit your straight or 8*4 = 32% of the time by the river. These are not exact numbers but are very close to accurate ones and by far it is the best and easiest way to learn poker strategy. Moreover, you can find much more information in my full article about poker odds so I highly recommend reading it. Think about it when making a decision with a draw and take this poker tip seriously.
8. Think about your opponent cards
When you know how likely, you are to improve your poker hand when you have a draw you have to learn to put your opponent on a range. This will let you understand how many outs you actually have and then make a more educated decision. Many factors can suggest what hands your opponent could be playing. It is quite tough and advanced topic, but you can start with a simple version of it.
- Think about his position, what hands he could be opening and playing from there;
- His post-flop action can suggest what he could have. Betting or checking can indicate his strength or weakness and you should be looking for that information;
- Board texture is an important factor to take into consideration as well. People are less likely to have many strong hands on dry boards compared to connected ones;
- A time he takes to make a decision and sizing he is using can give us additional information as well.
There are many things to consider and you need a lot of practice to be able to think about that. Do not blame yourself if you struggle with it at the beginning. As we said this is a complex topic, that has books written just about it so do not expect to master it in a day or a week. Keep playing and learn poker strategy in the right way!
9. Take your time
Do not fall into a habit of making decisions automatically. It is a huge mistake that even advanced players are making a lot of the time and killing all their chances to win money. Take your time and think about all the stuff we already discussed. Especially at the beginning, it could be overwhelming thinking about everything at once, like your positions, poker hand ranking, opponent’s cards and much more. That is why you should stick to that poker tip of playing just one table and take all the time you need to make your decisions.
10. Don’t bluff too much
A long time ago, I was explaining how to play poker to my friend who never played before and after discussing for a while, he said: “So basically I need to play when I have a hand and fold when I don’t”. I think this is one of the best advice you can get when just starting playing and learning. Of course, when you move up stakes and start playing bigger games this will not be an option because many players tend to play much more aggressive there and bluff more, so you need to learn how to play against them. But in the beginning, sticking to this strategy is your best bet.
When you move up and start playing a bit more reasonable opponents I highly recommend you checking out Poker Training Videos! You can take your game to the next level by crushing your opponents in the way you did not think was possible!
11. Learn to fold
You need to take this poker tip into serious consideration. When your passive opponents who are just calling all the time starts raising out of nowhere you should be folding a lot and even some of your strong hands. Most of the time one pair hands even as good as a top pair or an overpair should go into a muck.
When just starting playing you will have some problems letting go of these hands, but it is one thing that you need to learn if you want to be successful. Players in lowest games are not bluffing so much and in the long run, you will be doing yourself a huge favor by folding one pair hands to aggression in these spots.
Not all opponents are passive ones and if you are playing against maniac or someone who is very aggressive and raising constantly you should not be folding these hands. You need to understand that there is a different type of players and you really need to play differently against them. Last part of my poker tips list will help you to deal with this.
12. Use a software
If you want to be able to compete with players even on lower stakes, you should get some help. I am not talking about advanced programs that can help you learn GTO poker strategy, but a simple one that every player should have. Tracking software is essential because you can see stats on your opponents and know how they are playing. It lets you quickly spot the different type of opponents that you will be facing and to change your poker strategy and decisions based on that. In my opinion, by far the best program for this is Holdem Manager 2 and you can get a FREE trial of HM2 here!
Moreover, to make it even easier I made a list of The Best Poker Tools available for you.
Summing up best poker tips for beginners
I think these are by far the most important poker tips that you should take seriously when starting out. It will help you to learn poker strategy faster and protect you from many common mistakes that players do. Moreover, if you want to read more, you can find some good advice in poker strategy articles.
If you want to get a detailed list of the steps you should be taking when starting out, quick pot odds chart, as well as my opening ranges from different positions will help you a lot. So choose learning resources, take your time and you will be good!